P.O.Box 11536 Arusha, Tanzania
info@shikomebiz.com
+255 (0) 629 123 488

Cloves

Origin of our clove

The archipelago of Zanzibar in Tanzania, sometimes known as the Spice Islands, was once the world’s largest producer of cloves. It is still an important industry for farmers on the island of Pemba, during the harvesting of the flower buds which when dried are used as a spice in cooking, to flavor drinks like mulled wine and in medicine. Therefore most of our organic cloves are sourced from spice island of Zanzibar.

Harvesting

Clove trees are first harvested when the tree is 6-8 years old. The timing of harvest of the clove buds is critical. The buds should be harvested before the purple or crimson flowers start to develop. The correct time of harvest is when the outer green leaves (the calyx) of the flower bud change from olive green to yellow pink and before the petals fall to expose the stamens. Clusters of flower buds are handpicked from the branches. It is important that the branches are not removed or damaged, as this will reduce the yield of future crop.

Pre-treatment 

After harvest the buds are detached from the stalks by holding a cluster in one hand, pressing it against the palm of the other hand and slowly twisting so that the buds fall off. The hands of the processor and the room in which the buds are separated must be very clean to prevent contamination of the cloves. The stems and buds are separated and dried separately. The stems can be used for oil distillation.

Drying

The buds have to be dried quickly or they will start to ferment. They are usually dried in the sun, spread on clean mats. The cloves should be raked and turned frequently to ensure they develop an even brown colour. The colour of buds changes from pale russet to a darker brown as the clove dries. The drying process takes about four to five days. It cannot be speeded up or the cloves will become dry, brittle and withered rather than plump. The final moisture content of the dried cloves should be 8-10%. Experienced clove driers will know when the cloves are fully dry as the buds will snap easily. During the rainy season, cloves should be dried using a mechanical drier such as a tray drier. Badly dried cloves are pale brown and classified as khuker.

Winnowing

The dried buds are winnowed using a traditional winnowing basket to remove dust and other foreign matter. Small cleaning machines are available that use a blower to remove the dirt and dust.

Storage Methods

The dried cloves are packed in 40 kg jute bags and stowed in 20 ft. – 10 ton or in 40 ft. – 25-ton containers.

Packaging Methods

Cloves can be packaged in polythene bags of various sizes according to the market demand. The bags should be sealed to prevent moisture entering. Sealing machines can be used to seal the bags.

Uses of cloves

  • Put Cloves in your (chai) tea

One simple way to reap the benefits of cloves is to add them into your tea—chai in particular. Ayurvedic practitioners say cloves are especially great for the kapha dosha thanks to their “clearing and purifying nature.”

  • Use Cloves as a natural cleaner

Because of the antibacterial properties of cloves, they work great as a natural cleaner. Grab them in essential oil-form and add some drops into water—along with your other good-smelling favorites—to help disinfect the surfaces in your home.

  • Add cloves into your smoothies

One quick way to add flavor into your smoothie is with cloves. You may make a pumpkin smoothie that uses ground cloves and other warming spices, such as nutmeg.

  • Use cloves as an air freshener

Cloves make the perfect addition with their heavy spicy scent. Combine a few cloves with a couple sticks of cinnamon and a splash of vanilla to fill your home with a comforting aroma.

  • Use cloves in your baked goods

Adding cloves into your baked goods instantly amps up the cozy vibes.  YOU will like to use it in your muffins. These spices will help you cook like a chef.

Benefits of cloves

  • Cloves can help regulate your hunger levels

Cloves are kind of magic because they can play a role in keeping your stomach from growling between meals. “For a spice, cloves have an impressive amount of fiber—a nutrient that can help regulate your hunger levels,” says nutritionist Amy Gorin, RDN. “One teaspoon of cloves alone provides close to a gram of fiber.”

  • Cloves can keep your blood sugar levels in check

Anyone who’s watching their blood-sugar levels will be happy to know one great strategy for keeping things in order is to simply add cloves into their meals. “Cloves provide manganese, a mineral that can help regulate blood sugar levels,” Gorin says. Pretty easy, huh?

  • Cloves have antibacterial properties

Sure, chemical-free mouthwash (and fruit and green tea) is a great way to improve your oral hygiene—but it might work even better with the addition of cloves. “Clove oil has been investigated as an antibacterial agent, per preliminary research,” Gorin says. “In one study, a mouth rinse containing clove, basil, and tea tree oil was found to help fight plaque and bacteria in the mouth.” That’s also why you’ll find clove oil in plenty of popular toothpastes.

  • Cloves may alleviate tooth pain

One of the most notable potential pain-relieving benefits of cloves is their ability to help with toothaches due to the eugenol they contain, which acts as a natural antiseptic. In fact, one study found they work better at relieving pain, inflammation, would healing, and infection than another common option.